A Guide to OSCALA Referencing

What is OSCOLA referencing?

The Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities (OSCOLA) (presently in its fourth version) is the primary origin of expert referencing you should look to shadow. It is a basis for use in law created at Oxford University and is received generally by graduate schools and distributers. OSCOLA utilises footnotes at the base of each page for in-content reference, with full references presented in at the end of the manuscript.


To embed a reference into your composition, regardless of whether you are specifically citing or by implication alluding to a source (rewording or saying a thought), you should include a footnote. The superscript footnote inside the content ought to show up towards the close of a sentence and after the accentuation.

For example: Neville states that The Oxford University Commonwealth Law Journal was included in building up the OSCOLA referencing framework.

1. Colin Neville, The Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagiarism (2nd edn, OU Press 2010).

For different references inside one footnote utilise semi-colons to recognise them and place them in sequential request with the most established first. For instance, this reference alludes to two cases:

1 R v White [2010] EWCA Crim 978 (CA (Crim Div));
R V Adam [2011] EWCA Crim 865 (CA (Crim Div))).


You should be extremely exact when utilising quotations. On the off chance that the citations are under three lines, employ single quotes and incorporate inside the content.

For example:

Opiates contribute significantly to the economy, for instance ‘the estimation of unlawful medications exchanges has been assessed at up to £1.5 billion every year’.

In the event that more drawn out than three lines, utilise an indented passage, no quotes and a line space above and beneath.


Towards the close of your work (and before any addendum) incorporate every one of your references in a full book reference. Your book reference is a rundown of each source of data you have employed as a part of researching your work.

In your list of sources reference the data source all in all, not particular pages.

Your list of sources ought to be laid out in three sections:

  • Cases Table
  • Legislation Table
  • Bibliography (i.e. all other preferred sources such as the newsprints articles and journals, books and articles, standard and official publications, etc.)

Your guide may favour that your tables of cases and legislation show up independently towards the start of your work. Continuously check with your guide which arrangement you ought to take after.

Format references in the OSCOLA style

References in your footnotes and book index must be arranged in the OSCOLA style – e.g., with the right utilisation of italics, accentuation and sections, and with all the required bibliographic data exhibited and accurately requested.

The OSCOLA guides (fourth release) are distributed – by the University of Oxford’s Law Faculty and are available online for free. They contain the complete and legitimate directions on the best way to design your references in the OSCOLA style.